Pharmacy,by definition, is the field of health science focusing on the safe and effective use of medication. Pharmacists are the professionals who serve their patients by preparing medication and giving pharmacological information to monitor their patient's drug therapies. Pharmacists dispense medication by compounding, labeling, and packaging medicaiton accoding to their patient's needs. Pharmacists also review prescriptions for the patients and interpret the physician's orders and correcting any incompatibilities that they may detect. It is their job to ensure the safety and well-being of their patients even after they have recieved their medication by offering consultations to teach the patient how to properly interpret the directions of the medication and administer the medication safely and effectively.
In general hospital pharmacies and retail pharmacys are very similar, but have different aspects that each type of pharmacist must get used to. Both types of pharmacists fill out prescriptions for their patients on a daily basis, but there are very different atmospheres in each setting. Hospital pharmacists spend more time with other healthcare staff than the actual patients they are treating. Hospital pharmacists also deal with much more calculations due to the most common way to administer medication in a hospital, the IV(Intravenous Route). Hospital pharmacists may suit people who prefer to work without dealing with customer services and prefer to do calculations over public service. Retail pharmacists on the other hand don't do as much calculations as hospital pharmacists since retail pharmacists are more close to the public. In a retail pharmacy there are no IVs being dispensed meaning the most math you'll do is finding the right day supply with the dosage asked for in the prescription. Retail pharmacists are much more close to the patients they are treating since they actually see the pharmacist face to face whenever they need their medication. As a retail pharmacist a big part of your job is the customer service, making sure your patients use the medication correctly so that they may get better effectively and safely. A retail pharmacist suits someone who likes to actually meet people and get to know them as you see out their drug therapies until they feel better. Many retail pharmacists will have their patients for a long portion of their life because these people will need medication periodically for any time they feel ill. Hospital pharmacists on the other hand do not create bonds with their patients because they neither meet patients face to face and the patients they deal with come and go from the hospital. In general the difference between the two types of pharmacies is the way they deal with their patients and the general environment of each pharmacy.
The picture to the right is a small banner that shows a general description of the differences in retail and hospital pharmacies. The person to the left shows what kind of symptoms or illnesses someone would have when each kind of pharmacy would be used. Retail pharmacies are generally for simple and easy to treat illnesses while hospital pharmacies treat much more complex and specific diseases.
Source: Axium Healthcare